4. Cultural Studies

13. května 2009 v 15:38 |  AJ

4. Cultural studies
In the world there are very kinds of different nationalities. We can tell us what differences we expect in their behavior, manners or eating habits.
When somebody visits some foreign country, he or she wants to know everything about people who live there. They want to learn about their culture, about places of historical interest and of course about their household and national cuisine.
Every country has its typical cuisine. The most popular food in Czech Republic is dumplings with pork meat and sauerkraut.
The most popular food in China is rice with meat or vegetables; in Italy it is pasta also with meat or vegetables; Switzerland is famous for its delicious cheese.
English cuisine

Travelling to all corners of the world gets easier and easier. When we can visit foreign country we don´t have to forget for good manner and behavior. Here are some tips which can you use.

- In France you shouldn´t sit down in a café until you´ve shaken hands with everyone you know.
- In Afghanistan you should spend at least five minutes saying hello.
- In Pakistan you mustn´t wink. It si offensive.
- In the Middle East you must never use the left hand for greeting, eating, drinking, or smoking. Also, you should take care not to admire anything in your hosts´home. They will feel that they have to give it to you.
- In Russia you must match your hosts drink for drink or they will think you are unfriendly.
- In Thailand you should clasp your hands together and lower your head and your eyes when you greet someone.
- In America you should eat your hamburger with both hands and as quickly as possible. You shouldn´t try to have a conversation until it is eaten.

Using titles
Also using titles is different from country to country. For example in Italy everyone with a university degree can be called Dottore. But engineer, lawyers and architects may also expect to be called by their professional titles.
To the Germans, titles are important. Forgetting that someone should be called Herr Doktor might cause serious offence (vážná urážka). It is equally (stejně) offensive to call them by a title they do not possess (nevlastní).

In many European countries handshaking is an automatic gesture.
Handshaking is almost as popular in other countries - including Germany, Belgium and Italy. But Northern Europeans, such as the British and Scandinavians, are not quite so fond of physical demonstrations of friendliness. In France you are expected to shake hands with everyone you meet. You shouldn´t expect the Japanese to shake hand. Bowing the head is a mark of respect and the first bow of the day should be lower than when you meet there after.

Every country has also different manners during business lunch.
The British are happy to have a business lunch and discuss business matters (záležitosti) with a drink during the meal, the Japanese prefer not to work while eating. Lunch is a time to relax.
The Germans like to talk business before dinner. The French like to eat first and talk afterwards.
And if you arrange some meeting, people from different countries come in another time:
• If they´re German, they will be bang on time.
• If they are American, they will probably be 15 minutes early.
• If they are British, they will be 15 minutes late.
• And you should allow up to an hour for the Italians.


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